“Wisdom denotes pursuing of the best ends by the best means”
The Mission of the Francis Hutcheson Institute is to promote and to recall to public awareness the philosophy and Ideals of Francis Hutcheson of liberal democracy,science and tolerance in a civic society which laid the foundations for modern western political thought.
To promote the ideas and policies that enable Northern Ireland to evolve as an inclusive, tolerant and civic society based on liberal democracy and the rule of law.
A shared civic moral and communal identity is fundamental to overcoming religious division.
Religious belief should therefore become a private matter, removed from the public arena.
Tolerance is a prerequisite to the moral values of a civic society and in creating a shared identity.
This identity and what Hutcheson demanded of the state and individual are reflected in his words:
”that action is best, which accomplishes the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers; and that worst which in like manner, occasions misery”
“A determination to be pleased with happiness of others and to be uneasy at their misery”
These values form the basis of liberal democracy and underpinned the cultural, economic, social and scientific developments of the Enlightenment on which modern society is founded.
The mission and vision will be pursued by, organisation of conferences, delivering talks, commissioning papers on selected topics, establishing working groups to consider major relevant topics, by dissemination of the output through the Institute’s website, and, if required, publications in the media.
Founded in Belfast, 2002, in memory of the moral philosopher Francis Hutcheson (1694 -1746) who, if remembered today, is best known as the ‘Father of the Scottish Enlightenment’, although he came from Ulster (Saintfield, Co. Down) and died in Dublin. Intellectually Hutcheson was a pillar of the Enlightenment, but emphasising the practical and applied aspects of it in political, economic and sociological terms,
Hutcheson’s arguments were for economic development by removing artificial constraints on trade and commerce, e.g. old medieval guild restrictions and state monopolies, to open up ‘free markets’ which all could entre on an equal basis.
Hutcheson thus presaged the civic society: tolerance based on excluding subjective (identity) matters from the public sphere, enabling equal entry and participation to all. Currently, Northern Ireland is following the polar opposite route and has institutionalised its religious divisions into a sectarian society, resulting in disconnected politics and continually failing institutions. The aim of the Institute is thus to recall Ulster’s own indigenous philosophical tradition to examine ways to develop a new politics in Northern Ireland and to overcome its severe sectarian divisions in a positive and progressive manner, one that has been found to work in the rest of the Western world.
The Francis Hutcheson Principles
Despite Northern Ireland's fractious start, the fledgling state was able to establish itself on a firm basis after a potentially threatening start, with Westminster supporting the new state militarily and economically. Not only had Ulster’s industry been important for the war effort but they had also been reliant on British capital, markets and raw materials.
Northern Ireland came into existence for good reason, and for much of the last 100 years it was the beacon of science and industry and modern values on this island. It a rich, industrial and cultural history within a highly regarded global trading nation and punches well above its weight as part of the fifth largest economy in the world.
There has long been a tendency to view events in Ireland in splendid isolation, except for the intrusion of the malign British. This presentation hopes to alter that perspective by placing the partition of Ireland in a broader, pan-European perspective, in particular: the way that the unification of Italy (completed in the 1860’s) was seen as a direct attack by Italian nationalists (Risorgimento) on the Papacy.